Pania della Croce Hike

At the top of Pania della Croce Mountain in Tuscany
At the top of Pania della Croce Mountain in Tuscany

By Vicky · Published Nov. 15th, 2022 · Updated Aug. 13th, 2023

The hike up Pania della Croce Mountain in the Apuan Alps of Tuscany is strenuous yet utterly rewarding, with amazing views and scenery.

Pania della Croce Hike Route Map

Get the route by downloading the .gpx or .kml file below. For navigation with on your mobile phone, simply download the .kml file and open to add it to the bookmarks.


This hike starts from the car park in Fornovolasco. It’s a free car park in the centre of the cute little hamlet. From Lucca it takes about 1 hour to drive, with the last section on a narrow, windy road. Alternatively, there is a bus stop in Fornovolasco. The E77 bus leaves Gallicano, down in the main valley, roughly three times a day.


  • Start early in the day as it’s a long hike.
  • Bring sunglasses and a sunhat, but also a woolly hat, gloves, and rainjacket as the weather can be very variable, and much colder at the top of Pania della Croce (1858 m high).
  • Bring enough water and snacks as there’s no food on the route.
  • Hiking Poles* are recommended for this route.
  • There’s a hotel and restaurant in Fornovolasco (Rifugio La Buca), open only in summer.
  • Don’t be confused between this mountain, Pania della Croce, and Monte Croce, a smaller mountain 5 km to the south. There are actually several hills in Italy called Monte Croce (Mount Cross) as most have a cross at the top.
  • We used the 4LAND Alpi Apuane 1:25,000 hiking map* for this hike. It covers the main section of the Apuan Alps and can be found in most bookshops in Lucca or Carrara.
  • There are some tricky sections on the upper loop where you have to hold onto chains and walk along a narrow sloping path.
  • For a shorter, easier hike, you can just walk the lower loop (9.7 km, 800 m climb), a great hike in itself.
  • Offline maps app works well for this walk.
  • For another hike in the Apuan Alps, try Monte Tambura or Monte Sagro.
  • Find other nearby hikes on our Italy Hiking Page.

Walking through Fornovolasco

The village of Fornovolasco, a good base for hiking in the Apuan Alps of Tuscany, Italy
Walking through the village of Fornovolasco at the start of a hike up Pania della Croce
The village of Fornovolasco

From the car park head across the little stone bridge and turn left to walk along the cute cobbled street by the stream. This trail leads out of Fornovolasco and up to a road. Head straight across the road to the end of the little gravel car park. Here you’ll reach the start of the loop.

We chose to walk right first, or anticlockwise. This meant heading the steeper way up to Foce di Valli, the saddle at the junction between the two loops. The weather was quite misty when we started off, so this gave us the option of only hiking the lower loop if the weather was still awful by the time we reached the saddle. Additionally, it gave us the option of hiking the shorter route straight back down after the higher loop if we were too tired.

Hiking up to Foce di Valli

From the junction turn right, and follow the hiking signs that point towards Foce di Valli (Foce means Saddle). Initially the route follows a wide track, but soon the path leads off to the left, becoming narrow and steep. The path winds upwards through forest, with the occasional glimpse of the rocky mountain ridge intimidatingly high above.

Pania della Croce ridge looming out of the mist in the Apuan Alps near Fornovolasco
Walking through woodland above Fornovolasco while heading up to Foce di Valli

After a while, you reach the treeline and reach open grassland. Look out for the mouflons, a wild mountain sheep thought to be the ancestor of all domestic sheep. They are not that scared of humans and large herds are relatively commonly seen in the area. They’re dark brown with a little white, and the males have rather majestic curled horns.

The path continues ever upwards as you ascend to the grassy saddle or Foce di Valli. Once there, you can see down the other side of the mountain into forested valleys dotted with little villages, and further to the coastline and sparkling ocean beyond. Or, if it’s misty, you won’t see much at all.

Walking still Upwards

The path up Pania della Croce zigzags steeply up the grassy slope and around the corner to the right
The path zigzags steeply up the grassy slope and around the corner to the right
Tricky Section holding onto a Chain on the hike up Pania della Croce mountain in Tuscany
Tricky Section holding onto a chain

We arrived in mist that appeared to be thinning out. This meant we only saw the views when we returned from the high loop quite a few hours later. If it had been clear, we’d have been rather daunted by the long, steep hike up the vertiginous slope above us towards the top of Panie della Croce. However, we couldn’t see it, so we happily set off along the path to the right, again going anticlockwise around the higher loop.

The path itself was initially very easy, if not a little steep. It became trickier about 1 km and 350 m climb further up as the route traverses around a rocky corner. We almost missed the path, so keep your eyes peeled for the red and white hiking signs at the rocks. Walking around this corner, there’s a short section where you have to hold onto chains while walking along the narrow path and scrambling up a few large steps. It’s not technically challenging but also not for those who are afraid of heights.

Hiking to the top of Pania della Croce

Walking along the top ridge to Pania della Croce
Walking along the top ridge to Pania della Croce
Views from the top of Pania della Croce, a mountain in the Apuan Alps of Tuscany
Views from the top of Pania della Croce

After that section, it’s fairly easy, though still steep, walking all the way to the top. Turn left at the next path junction up a rocky valley, and you’ll soon be on the top ridge. From here, turn left to hike along the fairly flat and wide ridge to the cross at the top of Pania della Croce. It’s 1858 metres high, and we were very cold, wearing our hats, gloves and waterproof jackets (in early November). It was quite windy, and amazingly the mist really was beginning to be blown away. We were left with wonderful views along the dramatic ridgeline.

Views while walking down Pania della Croce
Views on the way down

After the top, we rather quickly returned along the ridge and took the path leading left in a few zigzags downwards. The descent is fairly quick, and surprisingly we were soon sweating in the brilliant sunshine. The route heads slightly depressingly very far downwards. Once you reach the bottom you have to hike up again, though this time it’s a gentle climb.

Views of the ocean in the distance while hiking in the Apuan Alps
Views of the ocean in the distance
Looking down at the Giuseppe del Freo Rifugio hiking hut nested in the trees at the base of Pania della Croce
Looking down at the Rifugio nested in the trees

On the way down, within the forest in the distance, you can see the cute Giuseppe del Freo Rifugio (open mid-June to mid-September every day, and weekends for the entire year). You can stay here or eat in the restaurant when it’s open, though it involves a bit of extra climb.

Walking back around the Mountain

Hiking sign to Foce di Valli
Walking around Pania della Croce mountain

Make sure to look out for the path to the left before you reach the very bottom, signposted again Foce di Valli. The path heads gradually back up the slope again and around the mountain. There are a few streambeds to cross before reaching the corner, from where there are great views. You can almost see across to the saddle where the loops intersect, with an impressive ridgeline to its right.

The path between this corner and the saddle is slightly tricky. There are a few places with chains, and some without, with the very narrow path crossing steep dusty and rocky sections. It’s not technically difficult, but you do have to be confident walking across steep slopes.

A mouflon in the Apuan Alps
A mouflon
The path between the corner and the saddle, on a tricky section of the hiking route around Pania della Croce
The path between the corner and the saddle

Soon you’ll be on the ridge just above the saddle, where there are great views of the ridge beyond. Have a break, and decide whether you’re still up for walking along the ridge and then down (6km), or whether you want to head straight back down the way you came (3.7 km). There’s no technical difficulty on the ridge walk. Additionally, after the initial descent, you walk along an easy track all the way back to Fornovolasco.

Hiking along Monte Forato Ridge

Hiking along Monte Forato Ridge in the Apuan Alps
Monte Forato Ridge

When you’re ready, head straight onward towards Monte Forato ridgeline. There’s some slight up and down along this route, but not that much. The path is easy to follow and there are great views on both sides. After about 1.5 km, a path comes in from the right. Just further on is one of the highlights of this ridge walk, the Passo dell’Arco, a beautiful natural rock arc.

Passo dell'Arco, a beautiful natural rock art on Monte Forato Ridge in the Apuan Alps
Passo dell’Arco
Foce di Petrosciana junction in the Apuan Alps
Foce di Petrosciana junction
A Fire Salamander in the Apuan Alps
A Fire Salamander

From here, continue walking along the ridge as it heads downwards to a junction at Foce di Petrosciana. Take the path opposite heading through the woodland. After some steep downhill the path flattens and becomes a track. Keep following the red and white hiking signs to Fornovolasco. In particular, keep an eye out for the path leading off left from the track, This takes you through a nice forest instead of just along the road.

Keep your eyes peeled for the little black and yellow Fire Salamanders – we saw two when hiking through this section of woodland. Don’t lick them because their skin is poisonous. Eventually, after a couple of kilometres of easy walking, you’ll return to where the lower loop started and the road just above Fornovolasco.

A little waterfall and ruin in the woods
A little waterfall and ruin in the woods
Walking back into Fornovolasco, a cute village in the Apuan Alps
Walking back into Fornovolasco

Take the path opposite to walk back down by the river and to the car park, the end of the Pania della Croce hike.

Guidebooks to explore more of Tuscany & the Apuan Alps

The Cicerone Walking in Tuscany Guidebook* describes three hikes in the southern end of the Apuan Alps, while their Walking in Cinque Terre Guidebook* has some great hikes at the coast nearby. The Lonely Planet Florence & Tuscany Guidebook* has a short section on the Apuan Alps focussed around Carrara.

For another hike in the Apuan Alps, try Monte Tambura or Monte Sagro. Or for more hiking, check out our other walks nearby in Italy.

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